Lutosinae. Apotetamenus Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1888. Hydrolutos Issa & Jaffe, 1999. Libanasa Walker, 1869. Licodia Walker, 1869. Lutosa Walker, 1869. Neolutosa Gorochov, 2001. Papuaistus Griffini, 1911. Rhumosa Hugel & Desutter-Grandcolas, 2018.
King Crickets are giant, chunky insects. The heads are square and broad, the antennae thin; typically longer than the length of the body. They're typically dark brown, black, or reddish-brown. Some species can grow as large as 7-8cm. The legs are long and modified for jumping.
More King Cricket Insect images
Parktown prawns are actually King Crickets – a large family of flightless insects found across the southern hemisphere including South America, Australia and New Zealand.
Crickets are Orthopteran insects which are related to bush crickets, and, more distantly, to grasshoppers. In older literature, such as Imms, "crickets" were placed at the family level, but contemporary authorities including Otte now place them in the superfamily Grylloidea. The word has been used in combination to describe more distantly related taxa in the suborder Ensifera, such as king crickets and mole crickets. They have mainly cylindrically-shaped bodies, round heads, and long antennae. B
According to the Journal of Orthoptera Research: “The Anostostomatidae, the family of Weta and King Crickets, is predominantly a southern hemispheric group and is represented by many species in Australia and New Zealand and a fre in New Guinea and New Caledonia. The known faunas in southern Africa, Madagascar and Central America are apparently extensive, yet individual species are poorly known and there is still come confusion in the taxonomic hierarchy.
The specimen looks very like Anostotstoma australasiae (Orthoptera: Anostostomatidae) a well known species from Qld and New South Wales, commonly known as the Giant King Cricket, known since 1837. Or it may be something very close to this species. Theres an old b/w line drawing shown in paper 362 from my website http://www.calodema.com
Parktown Prawn or the King Cricket From the family Anostostomatidae comes the Parktown prawn, or the African king cricket. They are not true crickets either but very closely related.
The king cricket or the Parktown prawn belongs to the family Anostostomatidae. It has a close relation to the Gryllidae since both insects have the same features. In the 1960s, a local study researched on these species. As a result, the greatest population of the king crickets in Parktown city was caused by this genetic experiment.